The largest organ of a human body is the skin. A skin infection can build up after an injury or wound to the skin or the mucous membranes, such as the inside of the mouth or nose. A few symptoms of skin infection are as follows:
- Pus draining from the area
- Fever or chills with an unknown cause
- Swelling, pain, redness, or warmth around the area.
- Red streaks extending from the area.
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpit, or groin.
The various skin infections are:
Dermatitis is an apparent inflammation of the skin, which is usually characterized by redness, swelling, vesicles, oozing, crusting and itching. Scratching or rubbing can lead to an infection. It is important to protect and prevent the skin from getting cuts and scratches.
One of the most common skin infections in children is impetigo. Impetigo is caused due to several reasons such as an open wound such as an abrasion, insect bite, or a minor injury at times can turn into impetigo. Improper hygiene, humid climates, and improper sanitation are also considered to be a few factors, which contribute to infection. The germ that mainly results to impetigo is referred to as Streptococcal. This bacterium is often present in sand and soil. The broken skin can easily get infected by dirty fingers, especially through casual contact and itching. Mild cases of impetigo can be treated by removing the crusts that get formed. These crusts should be soaked in warm water.
Ringworm develops on the scalp and is named so because of its characteristic ring. It looks like a red patch, which appears like scales and is very itchy. It can be cured using an antifungal ointment. Preventative measures are avoiding using another personal comb, brush, pillow or hat.
Many other infections include Jock itch, fungal infections, Psoriasis, Melanoma, Squamous. It is very extremely important to keep the skin intact in order to prevent infections. Taking good care of your skin makes good sense. Bathing, moisturizing, use of sunscreen can help you prevent skin related problems.