Eye Infectionsgenerally occur because of several bacterial, viral, or other microbiological agents. There are various types of eye infections that result due to different causes and are treated in different ways. Some eye infections are common while others are rare. The commonly known eye infections are Pink eye, Blepharitis, Stye, Cellulitis, Keratitis and Trachoma.
Symptoms, which indicate an eye infection, are:
- Chronic redness
- Persistent itching
- Blurring vision and watery eyes
- Eye pain and eye discharge
- Discomfort of eyes
- Flaking of eye lids
- Swelling of tissue surrounding eyes or eyelids
It is an inflammation of the thin, transparent membrane covering the inner eyelid and the white part of the eye also known as conjunctiva. It is caused by adenovirus. It is sometimes called the “pinkeye” and commonly seen in children. Several other causes of Conjunctivitis are bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus. These causes often tend to result in to longer-lasting cases of pinkeye. Conjunctivitis , which may start or begin from one eye often ends up spreading to the other aye as well thus involving both of them. Pink eye is often caused either due to virus infection, bacteria, fungal infection (OHS) and Chlamydia and gonorrhea.
The commonly observed pink eye symptoms are swollen eyelids, watery discharge, sinus congestion and runny nose. The bacterial pink eye symptoms are swelling, redness and pain in eyes and also yellow to greenish discharge from eyes.
Infections that can damage the retina and the inner eye include:
- Herpes simplex
- Varicella zoster (shingles and chickenpox)
- Cytomegalovirus, which doesn’t affect healthy people but is the leading cause of blindness in people with AIDS.