HIV Infection

HIV, which is the abbreviated form of Human immunodeficiency virus infection is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The condition gradually destroys the immune system, making it difficult for the body to fight off infections.

The HIV gets spread due to:

  • Contaminated blood transfusions and blood products
  • Use of contaminated syringes and needles
  • Intimate sexual contact
  • Through the placenta from the mother to her developing baby.

A few symptoms of illness relating to HIV infection include:

  • HIV InfectionDiarrhea
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Vaginal yeast infection
  • Head ache and sore throat
  • Swollen lymph glands

A lot of people having an HIV infection may have not experienced any symptoms at the time of diagnosis for up to 10 years, but they can still pass the infection to others.

Prevention from HIV

  • Avoid IV drugs and avoid sharing needles and syringes.
  • Avoid oral, vaginal or anal contact with semen from HIV- infected people.
  • Always use protection while having sex with people using IV drugs
  • Use protection while having sex with many people or with people who have multiple partners
  • Abstinence is the only sure way to prevent sexual transmission of the virus.
  • People with AIDS should not donate blood, plasma, body organs, or sperm. They shouldn’t even exchange genital fluids during sexual activity.

HIV is a medical condition whch is chronic and difficult to treat, although it cannot be cured as yet. There are several effective ways for preventing the delay and complications related to HIV. Most people who are infected with HIV tend to get AIDS if not treated properly.

The possible complications that can occur are cancers, HIV dementia, Chronic wasting from HIV infection, HIV lipodystrophy, etc.

Read More