Infection leads to germs, which enter the susceptible site in the body and multiply. An infection eventually results into a disease. People with cancer are usually prone to more infections. It commonly happens to them because of the:
- Treatment’s side effect, which interferes with the normal defence system of the body against infection.
- Lymphoma, Leukemia or similar kind of an underlying disease that affects the body’s normal defence against an infection
The organs of the body, which form a part if the immune system, play a major role in defending the body against infections. These organs include:
- Skin and mucous membranes: The skin is the most important organ as far as defending the body against infections is concerned. It is also known as the largest organ in the body. Any kind of break in the skin is a potential symptom or a potential site of infection.
- Thymus: Thymus is just small organ, which is glandular and is situated or is present behind the top of the breastbone. It mainly consists of the lymphatic tissue acts as a storage place for the cells of the immune system, which are known as the T cells.
- Lymph nodes: There are several hundreds of lymph nodes throughout the entire body. The main job of these nodes is to filter the lymph fluid, remove bacteria, which are the foreign substances that get trapped in their web-like structure.
- Infection fighting cells of the immune system: The immune system’s infection fighting cells consist mainly of the White Blood Corpuscles or the WBC’s. Neutrophil is one of the most important types of WBC’s. The risk of infection increases every time your white blood cell count becomes low. One-way to measure the risk of infection is to take an absolute count of neutrophil (ANC). As the ANC keeps going below 1000, the risk of infection increases and is the maximum when the count is below 100
Even though the defences of the body against infections get decreased because of drugs and several diseases, majority types of the infections can easily be prevented and can often be treated. It is extremely crucial to be alert to any kind of changes in your body or about how you feel. When your WBC count is low, you might not be able to see the usual signs and symptoms while developing several symptoms such as Swelling, Redness, Formation of Pus, etc.
Even though it is a Herculean task to prevent an infection completely, there are a couple of measures that can be taken in order to decrease the risk of infection. It is advisable to try and avoid extremely crowded places during the season of cold or flu since there are more chances of the infection spreading from one person to another. It is definitely safer to avoid contact with people suffering from cough or the ones constantly sneezing,
It is also recommended to wash your hands before eating, touching animals or doing the day-to-day household work. Brushing is another important way of preventing your mouth from infections. Keep your mouth clean by brushing your teeth twice a day. Wash all fruits and vegetables properly before cooking.
The four common types of infections are skin infection, throat infection, HIV infection and eye infection.